The price of silver was trending lower on Wednesday, pushing the metal to below its 2019 opening levels of around $15.30 an ounce.
Silver has been underperforming gold for much longer than even ardent bears had expected – the ratio of the prices of the precious metals recently hit the highest since 1991.
Zinc, lead and copper mines produce more than 60% of the world’s silver as a byproduct and with prices of these base metals also struggling there is little incentive to increase output
The lacklustre trading in silver exists despite a range of positive drivers – the first annual increase in global demand since 2015 to above one billion ounces, a slump in mine production (particularly primary silver producers where output is down 7%), relatively healthy demand from investors in silver-backed ETFs and a rebound in US coin demand.
One explanation for the weak silver market is the fact that the bulk of demand is from the industrial sector and the price tracks the performance of base metals closely.
In industry, the outlook is clouded by expectations of slower global economic growth that is affecting major and previously fast growing sources of demand for silver including photovoltaics and automotive applications.
Zinc, lead and copper mines produce more than 60% of the world’s silver as a byproduct and with prices of these base metals also struggling there is little incentive to increase output.
In addition, the world’s third largest silver mine – Escobal in Guatemala owned by Canada’s Pan American Silver – shuttered since 2017 is not likely to reopen before next year.
But a positive trend for silver now seems to be finally developing with the price decoupling from a basket of industrial metals.
This combined with a return of the gold-silver ratio to more historical levels could at last give silver bulls something to look forward to.
In the latest wave of drill result releases from gold miners, Aurion Resources Ltd. (TSXV: AU) today reported that it has intersected a wide zone of gold mineralization at its Risti project in northern Finland. This marks the second time in five months that Aurion has reported high-grade results from exploration in Finland.
Shares of the Newfoundland-based company shot up over 10% to an 8-month high of C$1.52 on the latest announcement.
Today’s drill results signal a positive start for Aurion’s drill program recently started at Risti. The first two of ten planned drill holes at the Aamurusko Northwest (NW) prospect returned 13.31 g/t Au over 19.54 m and 1.84 g/t Au over 31.12 m.
The Aamurusko NW prospect is situated in proximity to the Aamurusko main target area where several high-grade intercepts were previously reported, including 789.10 g/t Au over 2.9 m, 42.40 g/t Au over 4.0 m and 24.50 g/t Au over 4.75 m.
Geologically the Risti project in Finland has been compared by the company to several gold-rich orogenic gold belts around the world like the Timmins camp in Ontario. Aurion has been actively exploring in the Scandinavian nation since 2014.
The company is also backed by Canadian gold miner Kinross Gold Corp. (TSX: K), which participated in Aurion’s recent C$6.5 million financing and now owns 9.98% of its shares.
Canada’s Lundin Gold (TSX:LUG) has
begun mining of the first production stope at its Fruta del Norte gold project
Construction of the process plant
and tailings facility continue to be on schedule, the Vancouver-based miner
said, with commissioning of the process plant to begin in the third quarter of
At the end of May, overall construction progress was 73% complete and 88% of the project’s capital expenditure was already committed, the company’s president and CEO, Ron Hochstein, said in a statement.
Lundin has been developing the asset for almost two years, following a 2016 agreement with Ecuador’s government
Underground mine development reached 7.3 km as at May 31, compared to the targeted 7.1 km, while the processing plant reached 80% completion last month.
Wet Commissioning of the initial
systems is expected to start in early July and continue throughout the third
quarter of this year.
“The majority of process plant
operations and maintenance staff have been hired and will participate in the
commissioning process,” the miner said.
Lundin Gold, worth almost C$1.5 billion in Toronto, has been developing the asset for almost two years, following a 2016 agreement with Ecuador’s government that allowed it to move ahead with the project.
The company acquired the project in 2015 for $240 million from fellow Canadian miner Kinross Gold (TSX:K) (NYSE:KGC), which had to halt operations after being unable to reach an agreement with authorities regarding the terms for developing the asset.
The underground gold and silver
mine, which will be Ecuador’s largest, contains six of Lundin’s 29 mining
concessions and covers 70,000 hectares of land.
Discovered in 2006, Fruta del Norte is expected to
produce 4.6 million ounces of gold over a 15 year mine life.
Canada’s Leagold Mining (TSX: LMC) has kicked off the first of three major projects aimed at expanding facilities at its Los Filos gold mining complex in Mexico, 180 km south of the capital city.
The move is part of the Latin
America-focused miner’s plan to become a 700,000 ounce-per-annum gold producer,
having closed a previously announced $400 million financing.
The expanded Los Filos project will have a 20-year mine life (2019-28), during which time 3.2 million ounces of gold are expected to be recovered
The Vancouver-based company, which expects works to take about 2.5 years, said the Bermejal underground development would start in the third quarter of this year.
Work on the Guadalupe open pit , in
turn, will get under way in the final quarter of 2019, and construction of
the 4,000 t/d carbon-in-leach (CIL) plant would start in the third quarter of
Leagold also said it would secure a
portion of its revenue from gold sales over the time it takes to finish the parallel
projects, which will require a $209.1 million investment.
The expanded Los Filos project will have a 20-year mine life (2019-28), during which 3.2 million ounces of gold are expected to be recovered.
From 2021 onwards, the average
annual output will be 350,000 ounces. That number will rise to 420,000 ounces
going forward until 2024.
The Canadian miner acquired Los Filos mine from Goldcorp in January 2017, in a deal valued at $438 million.
The gold giant had put the operation
on the block the previous year, under a push to prioritize its biggest and best
Toronto-based Rubicon Minerals Corp. continues to advance its Phoenix gold project near Red Lake as it prepares to release a preliminary economic assessment in Q3 2018.
The trial mining and bulk sampling program completed in 2018 will provide much of the data for the PEA. The mill achieved 1,540 t/d throughput rate with total gold recovery of 85.1%, including 43.2% that reported to the gravity circuit. Bulk mining was accomplished using sublevel longhole methods at an average dilution of only 8.7% in the three test stopes.
The underground infrastructure has a 730-metre-deep operational shaft and more than 14,000 metres of finished development. There is also an underground ramp. On the surface the hoist is ready to go, civil and earthworks are in place, and the electric substation is operational. The 200-person camp, tailings management facility and tails water treatment plant have all been upgraded.
“We remain excited and optimistic,” said Rubicon president and CEO George Ogilvie. “The new PEA will benefit from real, operational data collected during our recent test trial mining and bulk sampling program, where we implemented actual mining techniques that could be utilized under a potential commercial production scenario.”
This article first appeared in the Canadian Mining Journal
Ivanhoe Mines (TSX:IVN) secured on Tuesday an additional C$612 million (about $464m) granted by its largest shareholder, China’s state-owned CITIC Metal, in April this year, which the Canadian miner is using to build a giant copper mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The investment, now fully approved, is CITIC’s second major one in less than a year, bringing its total financing to about $1 billion.
IF FULLY DEVELOPED, THE KAMOA-KAKULA MINING COMPLEX COULD PRODUCE 382,000 TONNES OF COPPER A YEAR DURING THE FIRST 10 YEARS
Another Chinese firm, Zijin Mining Group — which became Ivanhoe’s partner in the project four years ago — exercised its anti-dilution rights last month, which in turn will generate additional proceeds for Ivanhoe of C$67 million ($50 million).
Friedland, who made his fortune from the Voisey’s Bay nickel project in Canada in the 1990s, has said the capacity of the project’s first phase could later be easily tripled. He believes Kamoa-Kakula has the potential to become the world’s second-largest copper mine.
Once fully developed, the mining complex could produce
382,000 tonnes of copper a year during the first 10 years, climbing to 700,000
tonnes of copper after 12 years of operations. That means that Kamoa-Kakula has
the potential to become the world’s second-largest copper mine.
Analysts also believe the giant mine could restore the DRC’s
historical position as one of the world’s top copper producing countries.
Canada’s Kirkland Lake Gold (TSX, NYSE: KL) is taking advantage of the deal making boom in the global bullion sector by launching an online tool to help attract, assess and refine investment opportunities.
The new corporate development initiative, named KL Gold Deal Room, was created with the collaboration of technology firm VRIFY.
The miner has outlined a set of
criteria to evaluate assets that may have the potential to complement its
Kirkland Lake said it would consider possible strategic investments, joint ventures and merger and acquisitions (M&A) opportunities.
“Using the KL Gold Deal Room, companies with assets that require capital, and meet these criteria, are invited to make online submissions to the KL Gold Deal Room using one standardized format that can be accessed anywhere, anytime,” it said in a statement.
The miner has launched the KL Gold Deal Room, an online tool to help attract, assess and refine investment opportunities
“We believe informed decisions are
better decisions, and by utilizing VRIFY Deal Room, Kirkland Lake Gold will be
one of the most informed companies in the world,” Stephen de Jong, the founder,
president and CEO of VRIFY said.
“We are looking to grow shareholder
value by investing in new, high-quality gold projects that, with the benefit of
our capital and expertise, have the potential to become world-class mining
operations,” noted Tony Makuch, president and CEO of Kirkland Lake Gold.
Kirkland said it would be
interested in all sorts of gold projects, including those with by-products in a
variety of jurisdictions, such as Canada, Australia, Europe, New Zealand and Latin
The news come at a time gold prices have climbed past $1,400 an ounce for the first time since 2013 following the US Federal Reserve comments on getting ready to decrease interest rates.
It also coincides with fresh geopolitical tensions triggered by an escalating military strike between the US and Iran, which has helped nudge investors into gold, with the precious metal poised to mark its highest finish in more than six years on Tuesday.
Analysts, including Citigroup Inc., see gold hitting $1,500 to $1,600 in the next 12 months under a bullish-case scenario.
Learn more about the Deal Room in this video:
West Africa-focused Endeavour Mining (TSX: EDV) has reported a 41% increase in reserves at its flagship Houndé mine in Burkina Faso after a large portion of the Kari Pump maiden estimate for measured and indicated resource was converted to reserves.
The company said it planned to start mining at Kari Pump, located about 7 km west of the Houndé processing plant, as soon as during the last quarter of this year.
The gold producer note Kari Pump holds a 7.3 million tonne reserve grading 3.01g/t for 710,000 ounces. It’s one of three discoveries made in the large Kari gold-in-soil anomaly which covers a 6km-long by 2.5km-wide area.
Endeavour plans to start mining at Kari Pump, located about 7 km west of the Houndé processing plant, before the end of 2019
Based on a gold price of $1,250 per ounce, the project’s gold reserves had been converted into probable reserves out of an indicated resource base of 796,000 ounces, representing a conversion ratio of 89%.
This increases the Houndé mine’s proven and probable reserves to 34.8-million tonnes, at a grade of 2.19 g/t gold, for 2.45-million ounces of gold.
The company highlighted that the Kari Pump discovery represented only 35% of the Kari gold-in-soil anomaly.
Endeavour president and chief executive, Sébastien de Montessus, said the company will soon publish drill results from the ongoing 2019 Houndé exploration program, which is mainly focused on the nearby Kari West and Kari Center discoveries. There, Endeavour we expects to define maiden resources and reserves before the end of the year.
With its vast mineral potential and pro-mining business environment, South America has long been a home away from home for North American-listed mineral explorers, developers and miners. Here is a look at eight such companies that are active at gold projects and mines.
Toronto-based Aurania Resources (TSXV: ARU) is exploring for gold at its Lost Cities project in southeastern Ecuador in the Cordillera del Cutucu region, which is contiguous with the Cordillera del Condor. The Cutucu forms part of the Northern Andean Jurassic metallogenic belt, which contains clusters of porphyry copper, gold-copper skarn and epithermal gold deposits.
Jean-Paul Pallier (left), Aurania Resources’ vice-president of exploration, and Richard Spencer, president, discussing stream sediment sampling techniques at the Lost Cities-Cutucu gold project in Ecuador. Credit: Aurania Resources.
In an update in early May, Aurania reported that its first scout drilling program at Crunchy Hill on the property indicates an epithermal gold-silver system and epithermal-related alteration, though no significant vein systems were intersected.
Corporately, developments this year include: Aurania entering an agreement with Aurania chairman and CEO Keith Barron, providing for an unsecured loan of up to US$3 million (not convertible into Aurania shares); Barron turning a 2018 convertible debenture into 877,192 common shares, and extending the maturity date of a 2017 promissory note to May 29, 2020; Aurania finishing a rights offering for gross proceeds of $5.3 million from 1.95 million shares issued; and Aurania paying US$2 million to the Ecuador government to renew its 42 mineral concessions.
The junior notes that its reconnaissance exploration program is 40% complete, with seven dedicated teams, and access agreements signed with 67% of the communities located within the project area.
Toronto-based, Ari Sussman-led Continental Gold (TSX: CNL) describes itself as “the most advanced, large-scale gold mining company in Colombia,” as it develops its wholly owned Buritica gold mine project in Antioquia for scheduled production in 2020.
Continental Gold’s Buritica gold project in Colombia. Photo by David Perri.
Miners at Buritica will soon tap into reserves of 13.7 million tonnes grading 8.4 grams gold per tonne, or 3.7 million oz. gold. A recently updated resource estimate tallied 16 million measured and indicated tonnes grading 10.32 grams gold per tonne, or 5.32 million oz. gold, plus 21.9 million tonnes at 8.56 grams gold for 6.02 million oz. gold.
Continental says Buritica is a “rare combination of size, grade, straightforward metallurgy, excellent infrastructure, and growth potential,” and that according to an updated technical report released in March 19, Buritica “will be a lowest-quartile cost producer and an economically robust mine,” with the “potential to approximately double the formal production of gold in Colombia, and become the largest single gold mine in the country.”
Golden Arrow Resources
Golden Arrow Resources (TSXV: GRG), part of the Vancouver-based Grosso Group, owns a 25% share of Puna Operations Inc., a joint venture with SSR Mining that owns the Chinchillas open-pit silver-lead-zinc mine in Argentina. Golden Arrow discovered the Chinchillas deposit and delineated it between 2012 and 2015, and the partners put it into commercial production on Dec. 1, 2018.
In the …read more
Continental Gold Inc. (TSX:CNL) today announced assay results from initial exploration at its Buriticá project in Antioquia, Colombia. Visible gold was encountered in all four drill holes.
Highlights of the latest drill results include 44.90 g/t gold over 1.20m, 582.00 g/t gold over 0.50m and 47.20 g/t gold over 0.50m. The company points out that these intercepts are grading “significantly higher” than the current inferred mineral resource estimate for this target area.
Shares of Continental Gold jumped nearly 5% on Monday morning to a 9-month high of C$3.47. Its market capitalization stands at C$647.6 million.
The Toronto-based gold miner is currently in the process of completing a 73,500m definition and exploration drill program at Buriticá this year. Construction of the project was 67% complete as of May 31, 2019, and the first gold pour is earmarked for H1 2020.
The Buriticá project, with an estimated 3.71 million ounces in mineral reserves, has attracted the interest of major miners such as Newmont, which earlier this year backed the company with a $50 million financing.
A dramatic fall in prices for cobalt, a key element in the production of electric vehicles (EVs) and the main commodity mined in the Democratic Republic of Congo, is forcing the country to speed up efforts towards diversifying its economy away from mineral resources.
Prices for the metal last summer exceeded $40 per pound, but have since declined to $12.70, according to MINING.COM Markets, hindering the DRC’s economic growth.
The situation is set to get worse as expectations of even poorer demand from the power battery market will extend the decline not only in prices for cobalt, but also for lithium
Shanghai Metals Market
The Central African country generates about two thirds of the global supply of cobalt and it also is one of the top miners of coltan.
Mining, in turn, accounts for 80% of its export revenues, making the DRC economy extremely dependant on the prices of its main raw material shipments.
According to a report by the International Monetary Fund released earlier this month, GDP growth in the DRC, one of the world’s poorest countries, is expected to fall to 4.3% this year from 5.8% in 2018, due to a slowdown in mining activity triggered mainly by lower cobalt prices.
In November last year, Prime Minister Bruno Tshibala and Mines Minister Martin Kabwelulu declared the commodity a “strategic mineral resource”. Through that decree, royalties on cobalt and two other minerals almost tripled to 10%.
Higher royalties, however, have not been enough to offset the decline in cobalt prices, especially as the market continues to get flooded by small-scale individual miners, who normally dig up the metal by hand and who react quickly to prices changes.
Another factor weighing on the commodity’s present weakness are, as reported by FT.com, increasing stockpiles of the metal at the port of Durban in South Africa and in China, and a cut in subsidies to electric vehicle producers in China this year, which has also reduced demand for batteries in the world’s largest car market.
According to Shanghai Metals Market, the situation is set to get worse as expectations of even poorer demand from the power battery market will extended the decline not only in prices for cobalt, but also for lithium.
While the current cobalt market is depressed, there’s still rosy views about the future. Automakers are still planning to roll out electric-car models and Glencore, one of the top producers of the coveted metal, could start clearing its cobalt backlog in 2020, by which time car sales are expected to start picking up.
Acacia Mining (LON:ACA) laid down Monday a long list of reasons why it disagrees with majority shareholder Barrick Gold’s (TSX:ABX)(NYSE:GOLD) stance on a proposed takeover of the company, but noted an offer at a “fair” price would be attractive.
The miner, Tanzania’s No.1 gold producer, said the Canadian gold giant “appears to have ignored the value of [Acacia’s] portfolio of exploration and development assets, and the strategic value of the company’s pre-emption rights pursuant to the relationship agreement between [the two parties].”
The company also noted it continued to believe that, subject to an offer price that was “fair and which commands the requisite support of shareholders”, the acquisition bid would be an appealing solution for key stakeholders.
The African miner said it “strongly disagreed” with Barrick’s valuation of the company and that the proposal appears to have ignored the value of its exploration and development assets
Barrick, which owns about 64% of Acacia, made an informal proposal in May to buy out Acacia’s minority shareholders with its own shares, at a ratio that implied a discount to the unit’s market value. That offer, worth about $285 million, was considered by the African miner’s investors and some analysts as low.
The Toronto-based miner originally had until June 18 to come up with a formal, perhaps better offer, but UK regulators had extended the deadline until July 9.
The dispute over Acacia’s situation in Tanzania came to a head last week, when Barrick’s chief executive, Mark Bristow, said Acacia’s mine plans were not appropriately risked or supportable and needed revising.
Bristow also said Acacia’s relationship with the Tanzanian government was so damaged that it could no longer function as an independent public company and warned of a “catastrophic” loss of value if minority shareholders opposed the deal.
Barrick has been negotiating with the Tanzanian government
on behalf of Acacia to resolve an ongoing row over taxes the East African
nation claims is owed.
Acacia, which spun off from Barrick in 2010, says the parent
company’s intervention has undermined its position in Tanzania, noting it had
never been invited to the negotiation table.
The miner also said it was “continuing its own engagements with the highest levels” of the government, adding it had “no reason to believe that these engagements would not continue.”